The new strategic research areas of Microelectronics Division would focus on three areas:
This is viewed as the only method to make light works in submicron dimensions. Plasmonic lasers have been demonstrated with high speed modulation. We will demonstrate terahertz plasmonic transistors on Si platform using MFL facilities.
Terahertz Devices and Systems
THz technology was considered by 2004 MIT Technology Review to be one of most emerging technologies to change the world. THz coherent radiation (0.3 to 3 THz, or 01 to 1mm) is very important in many areas such as, spectroscopy on biological tissues (biomedical non-invasive imaging), Illicit material detection (airport security), and Ultra-broadband communication. Currently, there is NO compact THz source that is able to emit at relatively high power of > 1 W (CW). Development of THz components is also NOT mature. It is an open area that will bring huge potentials – but require creative ideas and combined efforts.
Green and Clean Energy
With the ever increasing oil price and global warming, clean energy is the only way to sustain the continuing growth of our economy and living standard Solar cell is one of the primary choices for clean energy. The problems hindering the utilization of solar cells are the cost and efficiency. We intend to address the cost and efficiency problems from two aspects: (1) reducing the cost of high efficiency solar cells, such as III-V tandem devices, (2) increase the efficiency of low cost solar cells, such as organic solar cells and dye-sensitized solar cells.
It should noted that in a fast pace and dynamic research climate, there is a need for constant review of existing research programmes in the School and identification of new strategic research areas to ensure its relevance, so as to generate research breakthroughs and impactful outcomes.